Eastern Red Columbine
The Eastern Red Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis, USDA AQCA) has showy, drooping, bell-like flowers equipped with distinctly backward-pointing tubes, similar to the garden Columbines.
Synonym(s): Wild red Columbine, Aquilegia australis, Aquilegia canadensis var. australis, Aquilegia canadensis var. coccinea, Aquilegia canadensis var. eminens, Aquilegia canadensis var. hybrida, Aquilegia canadensis var. latiuscula, Aquilegia coccinea, Aquilegia latiuscula, Aquilegia phoenicantha
USDA Symbol: AQCA
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom Color: Red, Yellow, Pink
Bloom Time: Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul
Water Use: Medium
Light Requirements: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Notes: Native Distribution: North America east of the Rockies. From Manitoba and Saskatchewan to Ontario and Quebec, south through much of the eastern US. Disjunct populations in central Texas.
Native Habitat: Partly shaded to shaded woodland habitat with calcareous soils that are not too rich. Central Texas populations primarily in solution-pitted limestone areas in shade.
Conditions Comments: Red columbine likes moisture but must be in well drained soil. Rich garden soil encourages rank vegetative growth and weak stems and shortens the plants lifespan, while plants in thin, sandy soils maintain a tight, compact habit and can live for many years. It is evergreen unless the temperature exceeds 110 degrees F or -10 degrees F, which will cause the leaves to go dormant until the temperature returns to a more tolerable level. Do not plant in continuous full sun, as growth will be stunted and leaves may burn.
Missing Images: Plant, Fruit-Seed
Data Completeness: Complete